- This can generally be ruled out when answers or messages include private details known only to one participant.
- The second structure, involved in the line of dialogue round the graveside, is more exposing, for it really tests each participant's commitment to the affective aspect of the event.
- Traditionally in anthropology, the ethnographer has studied a social system or culture through a period of intensive participant observation in the field.
- THE ONLY COST TO THE PARTICIPANT IS HARD WORK AND COMMITMENT IN RETURN FOR POTENTIAL YEARS OF PROFIT AND SUCCESS.
- Writing on this method of enquiry, John Madge said that "when the heart of the observer is made to beat as the heart of any other member of the group under observation, rather than as that of a detached emissary from some distant laboratory, then he has earned the title of participant observer."
- AN ANTHROPOLOGY OF THE SELF: PARTICIPANT OBSERVATION OR ESPIONAGE
- The participant adopts whatever role function is required of him by the context.
- It should come as no surprise, therefore, to find that most insider participant observation of policing is almost always confined to discussion on management techniques and to the implementation of new systems.
- Most items in these suites were designed to contrast one with another by varied time signatures, tempi and phrasing so that they built up to a climax which, in the early days, signalled the entrance of the king or the most important participant.
- The extreme form of participant observation - what I have called the "complete participant" - is, in fact, typified by the spy, who is believed by members of the group to be a genuine member of that group and is not known to be an observer at all.
- A participant in a game adopts a role based on his conception of others' roles, what George Herbert Mead (1934) calls the "generalised other": a child cannot play hide-and-seek unless in "hiding" he understands the function of the "seeker".
- In terms of emotion one could use a grammatical analogy (see Bolton, 1978) that the "occurring" emotion expressed by a participant is a verb , whereas the emotion portrayed by a performer is descriptive, an adjective, no less.
- All fairly straightforward though the coded letter we recovered from his baggage took a long time to crack, while his shaving kit will never be the same again after each piece was stripped to its component parts by one participant.